- A trial is the foremost stage of a court case. This requires best preparation because the defendant is presumed innocent and has not been found guilty. This means that the court has not made any verdict in reference to the particular case in question. At this level of court case, there are three possible outcomes; the case may be dismissed, the parties can decide for an out of court settlement or allow the case to get to the jury trial. Whereas, when the case is determined, both patties in the case have the right to appeal the ruling. This occurs usually when either of the parties is not satisfied by the ruling. At this level appeal attorney only reviews the decision of the lower courts. Appeal may lead to dismissal of charges or reversed (Greene 2006).