In 2015, the initial year of its existence, Dexter Company’s accountant, in preparing both theincome statement and the tax return, developed the following list of items causing differencesbetween accounting and taxable income:1. The company sells its merchandise on an installment contract basis. In 2015, Dexterelected, for tax purposes, to report the gross profit from these sales in the years thereceivables are collected. However, for financial statement purposes, the companyrecognized all the gross profit in 2015. These procedures created a $500,000 differencebetween book and taxable incomes. The future collection of the installment contractsreceivables are expected to result in taxable amounts of $250,000 in each of the next twoyears. (Note: the company treats installment contracts receivable as a current asset on itsbalance sheet. )2. The company has also chosen to depreciate all of its depreciable assetson an accelerated basis for tax purposes but on a straight-line basis for accounting purposes. Theseprocedures resulted in $60,000 excess depreciation for tax purposes over accountingdepreciation. The temporary difference due to excess tax depreciation will reverse equallyover the three year period from 2016-2018. 3. Dexter leased some of its property to Baker Company on July 1, 2015. The lease was toexpire on July 1, 2017 and the monthly rentals were to be $60,000. Baker, however, paidthe first year’s rent in advance and Dexter reported this entire amount on its tax return. These procedures resulted in a $360,000 difference between book and taxable incomes. (Note: this lease was an operating lease and Dexter classified the unearned rent as acurrent liability on its balance sheet. )4. Dexter owns $200,000 of bonds issued by the State of Oregon upon which 5% interest ispaid annually. In 2015, Dexter showed $10,000 of income from the bonds on its incomestatement but did not show any of this amount on its tax return. (Note: these bonds areclassified as long-term investments on Dexter’s balance sheet. )5. In 2015, Dexter insured the lives of its chief executives. The premiums paid amounted to$12,000 and this amount was shown as an expense on the income statement. However, thisamount was not deducted on the tax return. The company is the beneficiary. InstructionsAssuming that the income statement of Dexter Company showed “Income before income taxes”of $1,500,000, that the enacted tax rates are 30% for all years, and that no other differencesbetween book and taxable incomes existed, except for those mentioned above:(a) Compute the income taxes payable. (b) Prepare a schedule of future taxable and (deductible) amounts at the end of 2015. (c) Prepare a schedule of deferred tax (asset) and liability at the end of 2015. (d) Compute the net deferred tax expense (benefit) for 2015. (e) Make the journal entry recording income tax expense, income taxes payable, and deferredincome taxes for 2015. (f) Indicate how income tax expense and any deferred income taxes should be disclosed onthe financial statements under generally accepted accounting principles. Show theamounts for these items and indicate specifically where they would be disclosed.
Originally posted 2018-07-05 16:53:17. Republished by Blog Post Promoter