From Rags to Riches: The American Dream in US American Literature The Sublime Gatsby: Jazz Age Values and Their Reflection Upon the American Dream Teffectual of Contents Introduction 3 Gift Melody 3 Culture4 Technology6 Superfluity 7 Disillusionment9 Conclusion 10 Works Cited 11 Introduction The Sublime Gatsby has been acclaimed as one of the most influential stranges of the 20th senility, and has befit an American, and flush earth, fashionable.
Fitzgerald has not solely been heralded for his studious faculty in the writing of this strange, but so for his impeccably deferential portrayal of the Jazz Age discurrent The Sublime Gatsby.Fitzgerald has approvewise been accredited delay coining the enjoin “Jazz Age. ” It has succeeding to balance “[a] new era of ‘relaxation’. ” This age aid accepts its indicate from “general melody, which saw a appalling surge in generality” (Boland). Discurrent the relieved concerns and trends of the continuance were “the gregarious comprise of technological developments typically seen as progress—cars, air pilgrimage, and the telephone—as polite-behaved-behaved as new modernist trends in gregarious manner, the arts, and amelioration” (Boland).
The Sublime Gatsby fulfills its role of portraying the Jazz Age deferentially, illustrating multifarious of the esteems of this era continuance, key discurrent them gift, guilelessness, superfluity, and disillusionment. These esteems entertain in spin resembleed a very pernicious role upon the commodities of the American Dream, redundant to the calmd demand of this commoditieslized earth. Gift First, one of the greatst discourses of the Jazz Age is gift. Some of the most superior creates of gift picturesque discurrent The Sublime Gatsby were in melody, amelioration, and technology. Musical Gift Prior to the 1920s, mainstream American melody chiefly consisted of folk tunes.
The seriousness was on trite populace scholarship to resemble for themselves and their families and confidants at residence. By the twenties, the humble lays of the Mississippi Delta ceruleansmen had begun to distil through the “hot towns” of Chicago and New York City surrendering a energetic melody not eternallyyone could resemble (Kersh). The relatively new phonograph and radio undisputed anteriorly regional melody approve the ceruleans to be heard nationwide, creating the primeval Jazz Age stars (Kersh). Indeed this changing sort of melody is what fueled not solely Gatsby’s luteous parties but so the public feel of the strange.
These parties defied lays, consisting of “a entire pitful of oboes and trombones and saxophones and viols and cornets and piccolos, and low and tall drums” (Fitzgerald, 26). The melody had a sure commodities on the guests; it hypnotised them, and they let their bodies glide as if on flimsy air. As the melody established, they reacted to it and began to state; they were “holding each other tortuously, fashionably…and a sublime calculate of unmarried girls dancing individualistically” (Fitzgerald, 31).
They were temporarily in another earth and were easy to state nevertheless they felt approve.This new melody exhibition undisputed for self-expression and individualism, chiefly discurrent the women. It at-last aided a contrariant temperament of mother to escape. Cultural Gift The Jazz Age so saw the surfacing of the “New Woman”: the flapper. The flapper was “smart, jocose, brash, and graphic. These women…drank and partied propereous as harsh as the men” (Boland).
The flapper clobeing so detoured partically from laysal delicate livery of sobriety and conservatism: the clobeing defenseless abundance husk (in propereous the proper situates) to induce the regard of the proper boys.It external cajole to the mother’s body—her magnificent clothing, bobbed hair, glorious jewelry, and dull limbs moving concertedly to the rhythm of the melody, Jazz (Boland). Expression, alienation, and specific easydom were the most influential commoditiesls to the flapper mother, another discuss for the contiguous hit of Jazz melody.
Jordan Baker epitomized the flapper to a taller meliorate rank than did Daisy discurrent The Sublime Gatsby. Jordan enacts the “new mother” of the 1920s: currish, youthful, and self-centered. Jordan is gentle, but so dishonest; she cheated in enjoin to win her primeval gold tournament and frequently bended the credulityfulness to get her way.Though Daisy so tangiblely embodies the flapper in her adornment and attraction, she is so too “fickle, pierced, slight, and sardonic” to be a gentleman flapper mother (SparkNotes).
Further, Gatsby himself can be seen as a rebellion of lays. He is a self-made man, set-outing as a very humble apprentice to a sea chief, then going on to befit a very monied entrepreneur. “His parents were improvident and unfortunate farm populace—his ingenuity had neternally indeed true them as his parents at all. The credulityfulness was that Jay Gatsby of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic construction of himself” (Fitzgerald, 63).
His methods of achieving prosperity are so a rebellion opposite the norm; he uses any balances certain including betting and smuggling alcohol during the Prohibition. Society’s vision on these methods of attaining opulence was drastically contrariant than laysal ones, aid alluding to a cultural gift: “Real-personality specificities were tallly esteemed for their alleged bootlegging subordinate Prohibition... At the onslaught of Prohibition, a bootlegging diligence flourished from the set-out, and drinking became balance in custom than eternally.Upper-rank citizens thrusted prestige by oblation outlawed alcohol to their offspring guests and by manageing confidants to general speakeasies” (Moss, 151).
The analogous propers and ethics of amiable-tempered-tempered were balanceshadowed by the demand to befit glittering and prosperityful. This era continuance is so the primeval era to heap scrutiny the creature of God. In The Sublime Gatsby, God is simplified to be the eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckelburg: “[they] are cerulean and gigantic—their retinas are one yard tall. They look out of no visage, but, instead, from a span of vast yellow spectacles which ignoring balance a nonexistent nose…His eyes ponder on balance the devotional dumping reason” (Fitzgerald, 16).
These eyes gloat out from the Valley of Ashes, which exemplifies the consumption of American communion. The populace of the Jazz Age were striving for enactative and economic opulence, alconcurrently forgetting environing any ghostly countenance to specialality, and in this pains, they gave up their souls in diversify for that opulence. The eyes can in spin be seen as the eyes of a “dead God” looking onto a “dead communion”. Thither are aid paltry allusions to God discurrent The Sublime Gatsby, but all refer to the corresponding commodities: the failure or helplessness of God.
Man so has flush drifted so fur detached from anterior conservatively holy commoditiesls that he himself is balance worshipped that God. Nick Carrdetached is flush surprised at this newbase commodities; that “one man could set-out to resemble delay the credulity of fifty favorite populace” (Fitzgerald, 47) is notability that solely God should entertain been effectual to do. Gatsby aid goes on to assimilate his opinion to that of God. Referring to kissing Daisy he says, “his opinion would neternally tomboy frequently approve the opinion of God” (Fitzgerald, 71).
George Wilson’s assertion “God knows what you’ve been doing, eternallyybeing you’ve been doing.You may imbecile me, but you can’t imbecile God. ” (Fitzgerald, 102) looks approve a disrespect on God. He is the solely temperament that makes a allusion to God’s omnipotence and ends up committing a enormous act of sin: suicide. Technological Gift The twenties were a era of fundamental intercharge caused by the multifarious changes in technology through new advancements, discoveries, and inventions.
Possibly the most partical innovations during this era were the automobile and the radio. The heap evolution of the automobile established by Henry Ford in the 1920s. By 1927 he had concocted and sold some 15 favorite Model-Ts (Cheek).This technological gift is emphasized in The Sublime Gatsby luteously. I conducted my own cause trial and counted the calculate of eras the tone ‘car,’ ‘automobile,’ or ‘auto’ were mentioned discurrent the quotation and the fruit was rather interesting: thither were 66 mentions of this new technology. The newest cars were seen as condition parts, so of way the eminenter rank had to entertain the most late cars. Gatsby accepts a lot of self-exaltation in his car, and tries to use it as a cat's-paw to win balance the mother of his dreams, Daisy.
Gatsby’s owns twain a Rolls Royce and a ellow location wagon, and they are specialified as “splendid” and “gorgeous,” showing how fur avail was situated on tangible appearances of opulence. I confront it rather interesting that this farthest part of opulence, the car, was the farthest fibre of perdition discurrent the strange. Once Myrtle was run balance by Gatsby’s car, each temperament ended up so destructing. The other influential giftary catalyst was the radio. In an age delayout television, radio was the disposition of regalement and tidings. Radio granted a uncostly and apt way of conveying advice and commoditiess.
The primeval scattered-abroads were primarily tidings and earth affairs; succeeding in the decade, radios were used to scattered-abroad eternallyybeing from concerts and sermons and eternallyybeing in among (Cheek). Radio was the main create of media that helped circulate other giftary commoditiess, such as the new melody of Jazz and advertisements for the newest cars. Superfluity The discourse of superfluity in The Sublime Gatsby so goes operative in operative delay the enactativeism and superficiality of the era, and as superfluityes go, the Jazz Age was definitely conspicuous by a enormous extension in consumerism.Some of the aforementioned commoditiess of gift of the Jazz Age so averment the superfluity of this communion, chiefly the cars, the clothing, the “conclude through any way feasible” mentality, and the mansions.
Leading the way was the increasing generality of the automobile, a effect that stimulated the U. S. rule balance than any other diligence. At the spin of the 20th senility, thither had been solely 8,000 automobiles registered in the United States. By 1920, thither were 8 favorite and by the end of the decade, 23 favorite (Cheek). Gatsby’s car thus not solely partizes the technology of the decade, but so this remotecirculate superfluity.
Gatsby’s car was one that “everybody had seen,” a “glittering pith complexion, bproper delay nickel, bombastic hither and thither in its hideous extension delay elated hat-boxes and supper-boxes and cat's-paw-boxes, and terraced delay a involution of windshields that mirrored a dozen suns” (Fitzgerald, 41). Further, Gatsby’s avoid car, “the termination car,” is a bproper yellow complexion, dramatically contrasting the standardized bfailure complexion of most cars of the era.
The mansions are anther very manifest create of superfluity. “[The Buchanans’] offspring was balance execute than [Nick] expected, a joyous red-and-white Gregorian colonial mansion, balancelooking the bay.The lawn established at the coast and ran towards the front door for a forbearance of a mile, jumping balance sundials and brick walls and steady gardens—finally when it thrusted the offspring drifting up the cause in bproper vines as though from the momentum of its run.
The front was gentle by a continuity of French windows, fervent now delay reflected gold and remote known to the enthusiastic prosy succeedingnoon.... ” (Fitzgerald, 6) Though they are solely one couple delay a inferior daughter, this enormous mansion is notability that they, in their eyes, demand to enact their prosperity and opulence. This concurrently stresses the esteem of superfluity and enactativeism during this era.Another convenient commodities was to conclude as fur enactative prosperity as feasible, and then parade it.
Fitzgerald summed this commodities up polite-behaved-behaved in The Sublime Gatsby by byword, “Americans, while by accident voluntary to be serfs, entertain regularly been headstrong environing substance peasantry” (57). Flush if one didn’t entertain the balances to entertain the best of eternallyything, it was stationary expected of them. Myrtle was enraged when she base out her mate didn’t excavate his own subserve to his marriage. “He external somebody’s best subserve to get married in…and the man came succeeding it one day when he was out…I gave it to him and then I lay down and cried…all succeedingnoon” (Fitzgerald, 24).
Daisy so displays the avail of enactative superfluity, so in clothing, when looking at Gatsby’s habit, “It makes me sad consequently I’ve neternally seen such—such gentle shirts before” (Fitzgerald, 59). This concept of superfluity caused populace to situate the most avail and balanceing on purely tangible, enactative, and at-last limited commoditiess. Disillusionment The superfluity enactativeism collectively delay a discernment of ‘newness’ through the giftary technologies of the era left an balanceall impression of disillusionment upon the eminenter rank. Each temperament discurrent The Sublime Gatsby is either himself disillusioned or is forced by disillusionment.
Gatsby can probably be seen as the special denial the most subordinate this disillusionment consequently eternallyybeing that he has strived for in specialality, all his opulence and enactative thrust, was for a fabrication confidence and cause: Daisy. Though his specialality looked alconcurrently liberal, from the enormous tempestuous parties during the week to the luteous populace he surrounded himself delay, he ended up queer in his purely enactative earth. This is blatantly manifest at his funeral; “The endure glanced sundry eras at his wake so [Nick] took him acause and asked him to endure half an hour. But it wasn’t any use. Nobody came” (Fitzgerald,).
Daisy and Tom were so twain disillusioned, principally in their conformity. Tom paraded environing delay mistresses and Daisy was toying delay Gatsby’s heart; twain were in their different fantasy earths, imagining a specialality they subconsciously knew they would neternally manage. That is at-last why they remained concertedly in the end, notwithstanding the adulterous way they treated their conformity. Nick himself was so disillusioned; “Everyone suspects himself of at smallest one of the consummate virtues, and this is mine: I am one of the few upright populace that I has eternally known” (Fitzgerald, 39), thus temperamentizing himself in obstacle to the heapes.
He is “inclined to secretiveness all judgments” (Fitzgerald, 3), flushts in the strange do not vouch to his self-characterization. Though he wants to accept the analogous tall reason, his best confidant ends up substance probably one of the balance analogously decayed temperaments, Gatsby. He so says environing Jordan’s cheating during her tournament, “Dishonesty in a mother is a flimsyg you neternally dispraise deeply—I was by accident shabby, and then I forgot” (Fitzgerald, 38).
His complete awe and sign of this “new earth” clouds his meliorate judgments.In then end though, it looks that he as effectual to clutch a bit of the credulityfulness: when all the sign, witchcraft, and shine finally fades detached, the conceit gain calm in and they gain finally discernment that this pursubserve of the American Dream was an phantasm. Conclusion The Jazz Age was a very giftary move discurrent American narrative, and has left a rather great application on American communion.
The esteems of gift, superfluity, and disillusionment resembleed a great role on the pursubserve of the American Dream. In genuineness, the American Dream was based on nobeing but these Jazz Age esteems.The giftary sort of this era continuance led to communion’s esteem of superfluity and farthest disillusionment.
These fabrication esteems made the American Dream look notability it is not. In the 1920s, the American Dream was nobeing but an commodities of enactativeistic opulence and external pleasures. The thrust for this rather unattaineffectual Dream enacted the termination of an America of harsh operation and amiable-tempered-tempered ethics and goals of opulence and a skewed prosperityful specialality.
Boland, Jesse. “The Jazz Age in America. ” 1920s Fashion and Music. Jesse Boland. 15. 04. 2010. Web/ 01 Sept. 2010. .
Cheek, Jerry S. Inventions. " The Roaring Twenties. Kennesaw State University, 01. 08. 2005. Web. 01 Sept. 2010. .
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Sublime Gatsby. Woodsworth Edition. Ware, Hertfordshire: Woodsworth Editions, 1993. Print. Kersh, J. "The Sublime Gatsby: The Jazz Age. ” ENotes. Penny Satoris. Seattle: Enotes. com, Oct. 2002. Web. 29 Aug. 2010. .
Moss, Joyce. Literature and Its Times: Profiles of 300 Noteffectual Studious Works and the Historical Events That Influence Them. Vol. 3. Gale, 1997. Print. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on the Sublime Gatsby. ” SparkNotes. com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 01 Sept. 2010.