APU SCIN360 QUIZ 4 [ 2014 ]

Question

Part 1 of 1 – 100.0/ 100.0 Points

Question 1 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which of the following is the inner layer of the kidney’s functional tissue?

A.A. ureter

B.B. renal pelvis

C.C. renal cortex

D.D. renal medulla

Question 2 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The ____ is the tube that carries urine out of the bladder.

A.A. ureter

B.B. urethra

C.C. renal pelvis

D.D. renal cortex

Question 3 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The main process that occurs at the glomerulus is _____.

A.A. diffusion.

B.B. osmosis.

C.C. filtration.

D.D. active transport.

Question 4 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The main sign of nephrotic syndrome is _____.

A.A. glucosuria

B.B. polyuria

C.C. uremia

D.D. proteinuria

Question 5 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A major sign of acute renal failure is _____.

A.A. oliguria

B.B. uremia

C.C. proteinuria

D.D. polyuria

Question 6 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A test of the density of urine will reveal the urine’s _____.

A.A. BUN

B.B. specific gravity

C.C. creatinine clearance

D.D. urea clearance

Question 7 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which of the following is fluid within cells?

A.A. extracellular fluid

B.B. intercellular fluid

C.C. intracellular fluid

D.D. interstitial fluid

Question 8 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

_____ is the most abundant positive ion in the extracellular fluid.

A.A. Potassium

B.B. Calcium

C.C. Bicarbonate

D.D. Sodium

Question 9 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

An acid/base imbalance with elevated carbon dioxide levels and a pH of less than 7.35 is called _____.

A.A. respiratory acidosis

B.B. respiratory alkalosis

C.C. metabolic acidosis

D.D. metabolic alkalosis

Question 10 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which of the following hormones could be related to a calcium ion imbalance?

A.A. aldosterone

B.B. parathyroid hormone

C.C. estrogen

D.D. thyroid hormone

Question 11 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The kidneys secrete the hormone erythropoietin and the enzyme renin.

A. True

B. False

Question 12 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

When more ADH is being secreted, a patient’s urine appears very light in color.

A. True

B. False

Question 13 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The elimination of nitrogenous waste materials assists in maintaining the body’s acid-base balance.

A. True

B. False

Question 14 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Pyelonephritis is urinary tract infection that is contained in the bladder.

A. True

B. False

Question 15 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The _____ arterioles bring blood away from the glomerulus.

Question 16 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

_____ is inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney.

Answer Key:

Question 17 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A condition of low blood potassium levels is called _____.

Question 18 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

An abnormally high blood pH is called _____.

Question 19 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Give a brief 1-2 sentence explanation to the question: How could long term acidosis lead to dysrhythmias, especially in an individual with compromised kidneys?

Question 20 of 20

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Give a brief 1-2 sentence explanation to the question: How does glomerulonephritis lead to proteinuria?

Originally posted 2017-05-08 09:33:11. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

APU SCIN360 QUIZ 4 [ 2014 ]

  • Part 1 of 1 – 100.0/ 100.0 Points

    Question 1 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    Which of the following is the inner layer of the kidney’s functional tissue?

    A.A. ureter

    B.B. renal pelvis

    C.C. renal cortex

    D.D. renal medulla

    Question 2 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    The ____ is the tube that carries urine out of the bladder.

    A.A. ureter

    B.B. urethra

    C.C. renal pelvis

    D.D. renal cortex

    Question 3 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    The main process that occurs at the glomerulus is _____.

    A.A. diffusion.

    B.B. osmosis.

    C.C. filtration.

    D.D. active transport.

    Question 4 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    The main sign of nephrotic syndrome is _____.

    A.A. glucosuria

    B.B. polyuria

    C.C. uremia

    D.D. proteinuria

    Question 5 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    A major sign of acute renal failure is _____.

    A.A. oliguria

    B.B. uremia

    C.C. proteinuria

    D.D. polyuria

    Question 6 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    A test of the density of urine will reveal the urine’s _____.

    A.A. BUN

    B.B. specific gravity

    C.C. creatinine clearance

    D.D. urea clearance

    Question 7 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    Which of the following is fluid within cells?

    A.A. extracellular fluid

    B.B. intercellular fluid

    C.C. intracellular fluid

    D.D. interstitial fluid

    Question 8 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    _____ is the most abundant positive ion in the extracellular fluid.

    A.A. Potassium

    B.B. Calcium

    C.C. Bicarbonate

    D.D. Sodium

    Question 9 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    An acid/base imbalance with elevated carbon dioxide levels and a pH of less than 7.35 is called _____.

    A.A. respiratory acidosis

    B.B. respiratory alkalosis

    C.C. metabolic acidosis

    D.D. metabolic alkalosis

    Question 10 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    Which of the following hormones could be related to a calcium ion imbalance?

    A.A. aldosterone

    B.B. parathyroid hormone

    C.C. estrogen

    D.D. thyroid hormone

    Question 11 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    The kidneys secrete the hormone erythropoietin and the enzyme renin.

    A. True

    B. False

    Question 12 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    When more ADH is being secreted, a patient’s urine appears very light in color.

    A. True

    B. False

    Question 13 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    The elimination of nitrogenous waste materials assists in maintaining the body’s acid-base balance.

    A. True

    B. False

    Question 14 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    Pyelonephritis is urinary tract infection that is contained in the bladder.

    A. True

    B. False

    Question 15 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    The _____ arterioles bring blood away from the glomerulus.

    Question 16 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    _____ is inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney.

    Answer Key:

    Question 17 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    A condition of low blood potassium levels is called _____.

    Question 18 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    An abnormally high blood pH is called _____.

    Question 19 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    Give a brief 1-2 sentence explanation to the question: How could long term acidosis lead to dysrhythmias, especially in an individual with compromised kidneys?

    Question 20 of 20

    5.0/ 5.0 Points

    Give a brief 1-2 sentence explanation to the question: How does glomerulonephritis lead to proteinuria?