Describe how the Arizona Constitution affects Arizona Constitution affects counties, municipalities, corporations, and schools
By way of conclusion, discuss the enduring impact the people in Arizona have had in determining the overall direction of the state. While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. Each CLC group will select one member to submit the paper to the instructor My part is Arizona Constitution affects counties, municipalities, corporations Provisions of the Arizona Constitution Introduction There are currently twenty-nine articles contained in the Arizona Constitution.
In this module we will examine other noteworthy articles present in the Arizona Constitution. Once again, it will be observed how the framers have limited the powers of government by giving the citizens a lot of control in the various areas that will be discussed. Article IX ? Public Debt, Revenue, and Taxation The Constitution provides for Arizona debt, but only up to a pre-determined amount unless additional debt is incurred to defend the state. This article also provides guidelines for revenue and taxation, identifying sources of revenue and types of taxes in the state of Arizona. Income tax and sales tax together account for a majority of the state's revenue. The state must collect taxes equal to the state's annual operating expenses. It identifies exemptions from taxation as well as who may not benefit from state-collected taxes ( article IX, sections 1-23) Article XI ? Education This article is concerned with public education in the state of Arizona, K-12, industrial and technical schools, a school for mines, and state-sponsored universities. This article provides for a State Board of Education to oversee the state public-school system. Members of this board are appointed by the Governor, with the exception of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, who is elected to this office. The article also provides for the Board of Regents of the University to govern state-sponsored universities. This article outlines the responsibilities of public schools in the state (article XI, sections 1-10) Articles XII-XIII There are 15 counties in Arizona. Each county government must include a sheriff, county attorney, recorder, treasurer, assessor, superintendent of schools, and at least three county supervisors. These county supervisors are elected to a four-year term; the county supervisors are elected from districts. Larger counties of more than 500,000 may create a county charter, similar to a constitution, to outline its system of local government and allow the county to make decisions without going to the state legislature. Charter counties may also collect taxes(article XII). Similarly, any town or city with more than 3,500 residents may create a charter to become a self-governing municipal corporation (article XIII). Additional Notable Articles Article XV of the Arizona Constitution stipulates that five people shall serve as commissioners on the Corporation Commission. They shall not serve more than two consecutive four-year terms. The commissioners are charged with the powers to regulate the rates that public service corporations charge citizens for gas, oil, electricity, water, and sewer service. They also regulate the sale of securities and license all Arizona-based corporations. Out-of-state corporations that do business in Arizona must also be licensed by the Arizona Corporation Commission (article XV, sections 1-5) Article XVI of the Arizona Constitution defines the organization of the National Guard of Arizona to consist of capable citizens between the ages of 18-45. The Arizona militia must conform to the practices and regulations of the United States militia (article XVI, sections 1-3). Article XVII specifically outlines how the state controls all water rights. Water is an important natural resource in Arizona.(article XVII, sections 1-2) Article XVIII outlines guidelines for the length of the work day, child labor, and employee personal injury (article XVIII, sections 1-8). Article XXV identifies Arizona as a right-to-work state, specifying that no one may be denied an oppo