Biological and physiological approach to crime holds to the concept that criminals are born and that they could be identified though physiological characteristics. According to this argument, criminality is genetically and thus individuals that were criminals were most likely to give birth to criminal children.
According to Cesare Lombroso, criminal are identifiable through variety of characteristics such as long jaw, scanty beards and flattened nose. He argued that using various physiological measurement, one could tell a criminal which he said resembled more to primate in their characteristics such as long arm. His argument however said that these characteristics were not the cause of crime but showed persons that would become criminals.