Does liberalism offer freedom for all, or only some?

Topic: Does liberalism offer freedom for all, or only some?

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Use the full form: 1986-1987
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Note: ‘1986-1987’ OR ‘from 1986 to 1987’, NOT ‘from 1986-1987’
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please note that proper nouns, even in foreign languages, are not italicised (thus, for example,
Frente Nacional de Prefeitos or Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei should not be
italicised).
Abbreviations
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PFIO, ETA etc.
Titles: In the main text as in references (see below), the titles of whole literary works, other
books, films or plays should be italicised (thus: Candide, Bourbon Peru, Frühlings Erwachen,
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Quotations
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A) Citations and quotations in your text
Citation: HARVARD REFERENCING
2. CITATIONS AND REFERENCES
Use references to show the sources for data and arguments
Use references to engage in ‘conversation’ with other writers
Citation: FOOTNOTE SYSTEM
B) Bibliography
ALL works cited in your text must be listed in the Bibliography at the end.
Although it is a pain, it saves an enormous amount of time if you keep full bibliographical
information – it is infuriating to be scrabbling around at the last minute searching for the exact
title for a paper, the page numbers in a journal, etc.
There are different conventions for different types of references. If the reference is to a book, you
give the surname, initial, date of publication, title in italics, place of publication, publisher (and
note the way commas, full stops and colons are used):
Fowler, R. (1986) Linguistic Criticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
If the book is an edited collection, you put (ed.) or (eds) after the name(s) of the editor(s):
Gass, S. & Selinker, L. (eds) (1983) Language Transfer in Language Learning. Rowley,
Massachusetts: Newbury House.
If the text is a translation:
Calvino, I. (1992) If On a Winter’s Night a Traveller, W. Weaver (trans.). London, Minerva.
If you refer to a chapter in an edited book, the title of the paper is in inverted commas, not
italicised. You then add information about the book – editor(s), title in italics, place of publication
and publisher; and you give the page numbers of the paper:
Gass, S. & Selinker, L. (1983) ‘Language transfer: A conference report’. In Eppert, F. (ed.)
Transfer and Translation in Language Learning and Teaching (Anthology Series, Number 03).
Singapore: Singapore University Press, pp. 86-99.
If the reference is to a paper in a journal, the title of the paper is again in inverted commas, not
italicised; the name of the journal is in italics, information about the publisher is not included, and
you give the page numbers of the paper:
Thompson, S. (1994) ‘Aspects of cohesion in monologue’. Applied Linguistics, Vol. 15, No. 2,
pp. 58-75.
The list of References must be strictly alphabetical, by author’s name, and by initial if two
authors have the same name – e.g.
Thompson, G.
precedes Thompson, S.

1 Hobsbawm, E. (1995) Age of Extremes. The Short Twentieth Century, 1914-1991 London:
Abacus.
If there is more than one title by the same author, they must be listed in the order of date of
publication – e.g.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1985)
precedes Halliday, M. A. K. (1994)
If an author appears in the References as sole author or editor and also as first co-author/editor
with others, all the references to him/her as sole author come before the references to him/her as
co-author, irrespective of date – e.g.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1985)
and Halliday, M. A. K. (1994)
precede Halliday, M. A. K. & Hasan, R. (1976)

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