Fossil fuel has been in use since man existed, however their more sophisticated use come during the industrial revolution in Europe. Since then, fossil fuel has become widely used production of necessary energy to power plants and other machine. Use of oil, coal and natural gas has increased drastically since industrial revolution thus stretching the resources. Natural gas, crude oil and coal have been in use for more than 2000 years. Crude oil and natural gas have been used for lighting, while coal was widely used for heating and iron work. However, fossil fuel was only used for subsistence until the industrial revolution in Europe and America (Holland, 1968).
In the modern days fossil fuel has become the major source of energy. Products of crude oil have not only been used in running engines but also in manufacturing of chemicals and synthetic materials such as plastics. The worlds have become dependent to a larger extent on fossil fuel, thus their prices and availability adversely affecting the lives of people (Demirbas, 2008).