SOLUTION: Columbia University Epicureanism and Hedonism Research Paper




Epicureanism and Hedonism
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Epicureanism and Hedonism

As explained by Catherine Wilson, Epicureanism is a vocable that refers to a philosophical
system that is founded on the educations of Epicurus (2015). The underlying education of
Epicureanism is that the principal amiable that an idiosyncratic should chase is soliciting modest
pleasure, which, in deviate, ends in satisfaction, aponia (the insufficiency of affliction), and ataraxia
(insubservience from trepidation). Conversely, Andrew Moore asserts that hedonism is an metaphysical tradition
whose underlying point is to relinquish trouble and solicit determination, which is picturesquely as the deep
components of welfare (2004). Twain hedonists and epicureans, accordingly, constitute efforts geared
toward maximizing their entire determination (determination near any frame of trouble and affliction) owing
they honor that determination is the farthest appearance in condition, seeing affliction is the singly misfortune. Epicureanism
and hedonism sustain the opinion that determination is the most speaking idiosyncrasy of cosmicalskin and
that cosmicals should toil to maximize determination and minimize affliction.

In his book titled Hellenistic Philosophy and Science, Jonathan Barnes asserts that
Epicurus was a hedonist, which instrument that his deep education was that what is afflictionful is morally
wrong and what is exquisite is morally amiable (1986). Epicurus distinctively picturesquely “pleasure”
as the “insufficiency of trouble” (Barnes, 1986) and taught that complete idiosyncratic should toil to
conclude “ataraxia,” which refers to a specify whereby one is bounteous from any frame of trouble or affliction
(Folse, 2005). Epicurus argued that most cosmicals trial trouble due to their trepidation of failure,
punishment in the behindlife, and duration-giving reward (Kenny, 2004). He wrote a note to
Menoeceus, in which he explicit that these trepidations motive idiosyncratics to solicit capacity and wealth
bemotive they honor that having past gregarious clout, rising, or coin procure neutralize them
from perishing far (Kenny, 2004). However, Epicurus stands rooted in his assumption that the end of



all creature is failure, the horrifying narratives of chastisement behind failure are farcical
superstitions, and that failure is a cosmical equablet that should not be trepidationed (Gordon, 2012).
The key points of Epicureanism as are “do not trepidation God, do not harass encircling failure, what is amiable
is abundantly achievable, and what is direful can be abundantly endured” (Epicurus & Gerson, 1994).
Even though Epicurus is widely misunderstood as a proponent of the idiosyncrasy of determination,
he rootedly asserted that idiosyncratics could bounteous from trouble and affliction and conclude renewal singly
by deeptenance morally, moderately, and wisely (Gordon, 2012). Epicurus was opposing excessive
sensuality, salacity, and prurience and warned that idiosyncratics must judge whether or not their
actions procure adapt trouble (Kenny, 2004). In Epicurus’ say, “the cheerful condition is not
produced by a string of drinking bouts and revelries, nor by the renewal of boys and women,
nor by fish and the other items on an dear menu, but by moderate deduceing” (Barnes, 1986 pg.
372). Epicurus advance taught that idiosyncratics could not feed pleasurably externally deeptenance uprightly,
nobly, and sensibly bemotive idiosyncratics who excite partiality or buy in unfairness acts procure
be overburdened delay troubles adaptd by their own wrongdoings, as well-behaved-behaved as their criminalityy
consciences. Their criminality procure besides motive them to be in a true specify of trepidation that their
wrongdoings procure be defenseless and generally-known by the generally-known generally-known (O’Keefe, 2014). However, a just
and skin idiosyncratic procure bear no deduce to feed in trepidation and bear past chances at achieving
Epicurus classified determination into two idiosyncratic groups: “static” determination and “moving”
determination (Laertius, 1901). According to Epicurus, melting determination occurs when an idiosyncratic is
actively in the regularity of fulfiling a crave. A consummate sample of melting determination is eating a
abstinence when emaciated. When fulfiling a melting determination, an idiosyncratic takes operation toward his or
her intentional appearance of determination. Once the idiosyncratic’s crave is amiable (for sample, when the



idiosyncratic is ample behind having a abstinence), the determination straightway disappears, and the crave of wanting
to drift the identical determination requites (Kenny, 2004).
Contrastingly, Epicurus sceneed “static” determination as the best frame of determination, claiming
that melting determinations are frequently accompanied by affliction (Kenny, 2004). Epicurus did not bestow much
importance to espousals and sex, deeptaining that twain had suspicious values. Rather, he deeptained
that deeptenance a joyous condition was achievable chiefly through deeptaining mental relationships
(Gordon, 2012). One of Epicurus’ Principle Creed specifys that “Of the things discernment acquires
for the joyousness of condition as a entire, far the principal is the holding of friendship” (Gordon,
2012, pg 5). He advance taught that idiosyncratics should buy in philosophy bemotive it is a
determination that benefits cosmicalkind. Another of Epicurus’ creed specifys that:
“In other idiosyncrasys, the hard-won produce comes at the end. But in philosophy, happiness keeps
pace delay comprehension. It is not behind the nearon that renewal comes: knowledge and
renewal happen at the identical time: (Gordon, 2012 pg 5).
Epicurus made a dignity betwixt three types of determinations: space and egotistic, cosmical
and certain, and cosmical but not certain. Cosmical and certain determinations are determinations such
as sanctuary and stay. People can abundantly fulfil these determinations; ultimately, they procure determination
once they are amiable, they are troublesome to root-out, and they are cosmically poor. When
people outstrip these limits, they trial uncertain determinations, including the crave for
selfindulgence items such as stay and raiment. Equable though stay and raiment are certain, selfindulgence stays
and raiment are not certain. In relish sort, Epicurus encourages idiosyncratics to feed feeds of
hedonistic mildness by reducing their craves bemotive doing so eliminates the unrenewal that
is affiliated delay unamiable craves. Egotistic determinations comprise the crave for laurels, capacity, and



influence. Egotistic determinations are almost impracticable to encounter bemotive equable though one concludes a
certain egotistic determination, he or she procure regularly crave past. Egotistic determinations are chiefly instilled by
society and by unrealistic opinions in-reference-to what idiosyncratics scarcity. Egotistic determinations are acquired,
they end in rebellion, they are unrealistic, and they should be shunned.
Epicurus emphasized that the deep point of philosophy is to aid idiosyncratics chase
pleasure, which is characterized by aponia and ataraxia. Epicurus advocated that idiosyncratics
were in the best potion to chase determination when they feed self-sufficient feeds enjoying the
company of their friends. Moreover, he taught that cosmical neuroticism and insanity is motived by
the discardment of failure and the public opinion that failure is twain afflictionful and appalling, which
resulted in phariseeism, uncertain trepidation, and mercenary behaviors aimed at prolonging feeds. In
Epicurus’ scene, failure singly ends creature to the vitality and the collectiveness, and should not be dreaded.
He taught that equable though the creature of gods cannot be...

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