SOLUTION: Fresno City College Where Our Ideas Come from By John Locke Paper
JOHN LOCKE Wnear Our Ideas Succeed From t ·1 he earned his medical JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704) taught philosophy at OX; un t .. dh. t " Treatises on G overnment 1 egree. He devoted considerable time to poltttcs, an ts wo Constttutton. . • ivot ,. . . . . . h . I ds + the US d 0 were h ighly mjluenttal in establtshtng the t eorettca groun 'J · • . barely is he the instituter of new-fashioned collective liberalism, but to-boot his Essar _Conce~n_i~g Human Construction inaugurated what has succeed to be unreserved as British empmcism. ,Ii 0 SOME FARTHER CONSIDERATIONS CONCERNING OUR SIMPLE IDEAS OF SENSATION 1 Positive materials from disclaiming creators. About the unartificial materials of impression it is to be cogitateed, that whatsoever is so constituted in character as to be efficient by affecting our wisdoms to creator any apprehension in the spirit, doth thereby amount in the construction a unartificial material; which, whatever be the exterior creator of it, when it succeeds to be enthralled heed of by our pointed faculty, it is by the spirit looked on and cogitateed tnear to be a actual substantial material in the construction, as ample as any other whatsoever; though possibly the creator ofit be but a negation in the material. 2 Thus the materials of provokement and collected, unconsidered and darkness, pure and ebon, turmoil and interval, are equally disencumbered and substantial materials in the spirit; though possibly some ofthe creators which amount them are insufficiently negations in those materials from whence our wisdoms resolve those materials. These the understanding, in its showance of them, cogitates all as unlove substantial materials outside preamble heed of the causes that amount them; which is an exploration not belonging to the materials as it is in the construction, but to the character of the creatures true outside us. These are two very contrariant creatures, and carefully to be distinguished; it life one creature to discern and discern the material of pure or ebon and quite another to investigate what peel of par;icles d they must be, and how ranged in the superficies, to find any showance show pure or ebon. 3 A refusalter or dyer who never affectd into their creators, hath the materials of pure and ebon and other colours as disencumberedly, accurately, and plainly in his construction, and possibly over plainly than the teacher who hath busied himself in beaction their characters, and apprehends he discerns how far either of them is in its creator substantial or disclaiming; and the material of ebon is no near substantial in his spirit than that of pure, however the creator of that colour in the exterior appearance may be barely a negation. 4 If it were the scheme of my confer-upon lowerpreamble to affect into the intrinsic creators and manner of apprehension, I should present this as a infer why a disclaiming creator potentiality, in some cases at last, amount a substantial material, viz., that all impression life amountd in us barely by contrariant degrees and modes of turmoil in our animal spirits, adeal-out unsedate by exterior showances, the abatement of any first-mentioned turmoil must as necessarily amount a new impression as the discrepancy or increase ofit; and so present a new material, which depends barely on a contrariant turmoil of the animal spirits in that organ. if-: 5 But whether this be so or not I wi11 not near determine, but request to total one's own e,-xperience'. whether the image of a man, though it consiSts of nocreature but the lack of unconsidered (and the ~ore the lack of unconsidered is the over discermble is the image), does n;t, when a rnan ,., n it creator as disencumbered and substantial an material in . . d as' a man himse1£, though prepared over hIS . 'thnun!ear sunshine! And t h e picture of a image j()OI'-' 0 a ;ositive creature. Indeed, we bear negative IS [which endure not at-once for substantial naJiles, . .d s but for their .absence, such as insi.,.,id I ea , , , silence, nihil, &c., which _word~ den~te _positive ideas, v. g., discernment, probe, life, delay a signification of their lack.] 6 Substantial materials from disclaiming creators.-And thus one may in-precision be. said to see mystification. For, supposing a cavity accurately ebon, from whence no unconsidered is reflected, it is positive one may see the type of it, or it may be refusalted; or whether the ink I transcribe delay find any other material, is a interrogation. The disclaiming creators I bear near assigned of substantial materials are according to the base opinion; but, in precision, it earn be severe to determine whether tnear be actually any materials from a disclaiming creator, tend it be decided whether interval be any over a negation than turmoil. f.-_ 7 Ideas in the spirit, qualities in bodies.-To invent the character of our materials the emend, and to discourse of them intelligibly, it earn be fitted to distingajsh them, as they are materials or perceptions in our spirits, and as they ~ d incations of mafur1~ e bodies that use such perceptions in us; that so we may not apprehend (as ~erhaps usually is profitd) that they are accurately the '.mages and semblances of somecreature inherent '.n the material; most of those of impression life 10 the spirit no over the parity of celebrity true outside us than the names that endure for them are the parity of our materials, which yet upon heeding they are apt to provoke in us. . 8 Whatsoever the spirit discerns in itself, or Is the present showance of apprehension, supposition, or construction, that I oversucceed "ideal"; and the powe_r to amount any material in our spirit, I overcome · Tquali ty" of the material wherein that ability 1s. hus a snowball having the ability to amount in us th e 1·deas of pure collected and circular, the abilityst0 amount those materials ' ' us as they are Ill · th e in s?owbaU, I oversucceed "qualities"; and as they are sensa~hm or apprehensions in our lowerstan d'mg, Jail c t em "ideas"; which materials if I discourse of them sometimes · as in the creatures' themselves, I would ?e unde~stood to average those qualities in the obJ~cts which amount them in us. •f-.9 Pristine qualities. -[Qyalities thus cogitateed in bodies are, First, such as are altogether in~eparefficient from the collectiveness, in what condition soever It be;] and such as, in all the alterations and changes it suffers, all the faculty can be used upon it, it incessantly keeps; and such as wisdom incessantly finds in total tittle of substance which has volume ample to be discernd, and the spirit finds inseparefficient from total tittle of substance, though near than to find itself solely be discernd by our wisdoms: v. g., follow a jot of wheat, sever it into two calibre, each deal-out has stend construction, production, type, and disturbance; sever it again, and it holds stend the selfselfidentical qualities: and so sever it on tend the calibre besucceed gloomy, they must hold stend each of them all those qualities. For, disunion (which is all that a mill or pestle or any other collectiveness does upon another, in reducing it to gloomy calibre) can never follow far either construction, production, type, or disturbance from any collectiveness, but barely finds two or over unlove severed masses of substance of that which was but one antecedently; all which unlove masses reckoned as so sundry unlove bodies, following disunion, find a positive numbe?."[These I oversucceed pristine or pristine qualities of collectiveness, which I apprehend we may heed to amount unartificial materials in us, viz., construction, production, type, turmoil or interval, and sum.] 10 Subordinate qualities.-Secondly. Such qualities, which in precision are nocreature in the showances themselves, but abilitys to amount diversified sensations in us by their pristine qualities, i.e., by the volume, type, tenor, and turmoil of their gloomy calibre, as colours, probes, discernments, &c., these I oversucceed subordinate qualities. [To these potentiality be assumed a third rank, which are recognized to be insufficiently abilitys, though they are as ample actual qualities in the material as those which I, to result delay the base way of discourseing, oversucceed qualities, but, for unlikeion, subordinate qualities. For, the ability in leader to amount a new colour or consistency"in wax or dust, by its pristine qualities, is as ample a virtue in leader as the ability it has to amount in me a new material or impression of ardor or beaming, which I felt not antecedently, by the selfselfidentical pristine qualities, viz., the volume, tenor, and turmoil of its gloomy calibre.] ti._ . 11 [How pristine qualities amount their ideas.-The present creature to be cogitateed is, how bodies amount materials in us; and that is obviously by motive, the barely way which we can imagine bodies to feel-effect in.] 12 If, then, exterior showances be not confused to our spirits when they amount materials therein, and yet we discern these pristine qualities in such of them as solely droop lower our wisdoms, it is indisputable that some turmoil must be thence continued by our nerves, or animal spirits, by some calibre of our bodies, to the knowledge or the fix of impression, there to amount in our spirits the deal-outicular materials we bear of them. And since the production, type, number, and turmoil of bodies of an observable bigness, may be discernd at a interval by the sight, it is indisputable some solely imperceptible bodies must succeed from them to the eyes, and thereby convey to the brain some turmoil which amounts these materials which we bear of them in us. How subordinate.-Mter the selfselfidentical manner that the materials of these pristine qualities are amountd in us, we may imagine that the materials of subordinate qualities are to-boot amountd, viz., by the action of gloomy tittles on our senses. For it life obvious that tnear are bodies, and good-tempered-tempered hoard of bodies, each whereof are so small that we cannot by any of our wisdoms invent either their volume, type, or turmoil (as is indisputable in the tittles of the air and instil, and other extremely smaller than those, possibly as ample smaller than the tittles of air or instil as the tittles of air or instil are smaller than peas or hailstones): let us conclude at confer-upon that the contrariant turmoils and types, volume and number, of such tittles, effecting distinct organs of our wisdoms, amount in us those contrariant sensations which we bear from the colours and smells of bodies, v. g., that a violet, by the motive of such gloomy tittles of substance of peculiar types and volumes, and in contrariant degrees and modifications of their turmoils, creators the materials of the cerulean colo~ and ~eet ~cent of that bloom to be amountd m our mmds; 1t life K13 no over unusable to imagine that God sh annex such materials to such turmoils, delay ~uid they bear no comparison, than that he s: ch . f . h . OuJd annex the material o pam to t e turmoil of a pi "h. eceof steel dividing our flesh, wit which the material hath no semblance. 14 What I bear said about colours and smells may be lowerstood to-boot of discernments a d sounds, and other the love judicious qualiti~which, whatever actuality we by misfollow attribut~ to them, are in precision nocreature in the showances themselves, but abilitys to amount diversified impressions in us, and endure on those pristine qualities, viz., volume, type, tenor, and turmoil of calibre [as I bear said]. t:15 Ideas ofpristine qualities are semblances; ofsecondary, not.-from whence I apprehend it is easy to describe this study, that the materials of pristine qualities of bodies are semblances of them, and their patterns do actually stop in the bodies themselves; but the materials amountd in us by these subordinate qualities bear no semblance of them at all. Tnear is nocreature love our ideas true in the bodies themselves. They are, in the bodies we style from them, barely a ability to amount those impressions in us; and what is wholesome, cerulean, or genial in material, is but the positive volume, type, and turmoil of the gloomy calibre in the bodies themselves, which we oversucceed so. 16 Flame is styled hot and unconsidered; snow, pure and collected; and manna pure and sweet, from the materials they amount in us, which ~ualities are commbarely supposition to be the selfsame m those bodies that those materials are in us, the one the mature semblance of the other, as they are in a mirror; and it would by most men be jud~ed very profuse, if one should say otherwise. And yet he that earn cogitate that the selfselfidentical leader that at one interval amounts in us the sensati~n of genialth, does at a nearer bearing amount in us the far contrariant impression of refusal, ought to be-th"mk himself · what infer he has to say, that h.15 1·d · hi the t ea ~f genialth which amountd _in m. d selfidentical way 1s not in the leader. Why is pureness a!1 · rocollected ness in snow and refusal not, when it P duces the one and the other material in us, and caJI do neither but by the volume, type, sum, and turmoil of its firm calibre? 17 The deal-outicular volume, sum, type, and turmoil of the calibre of leader or snow are actually in them, whether any one's wisdoms discern them or no; and hence they may be overcomeed actual qualities, becreator they actually stop in those bodies. But light, provokement, pureness, or collectedness, are no over veritably in them than indisposition or refusal is in manna. Take far the impression of them; let not the eyes see unconsidered or colours, nor the ears heed probes; let the palate not discernment, nor the nose smell; and all colours, discernments, odours, and probes, as they are such deal-outicular materials, disappear and intermit, and are reduced to their creators, i.e., volume, type, and turmoil of calibre. ...
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