INSTRUCTIONS: Gather at least three newspaper articles and at least

Sir or Ma’am,I have an Annotated Bibliography that I have to do on Human Trafficking in the state of Virginia. I’m having trouble siting the websites that I have found. Below are teh websites and the instructions. INSTRUCTIONS: Gather at least three newspaper articles and at least one peer-reviewed journal article that discusses the population and/or legislation you are focusing on this semester with your group. This work should be done individually as the newspaper articles should be specific to your own community. For instance, if you are focusing on undocumented students and the DREAM Act, you would want to gather information about undocumented students at your local university. You should also search for policy reports from the RAND Institute and the Drum Major Institute for Public Policy related to your specific piece of legislation. Create an annotated bibliography of the materials you find and post the annotated bibliography to the forum. For instructions on how to create an annotated bibliography, please visit the following link: OWL English Purdue(Name of Local News Paper and website: please site APA) Loudoun Times. comhttp: //patch. com/virginia/mclean/congresswoman-comstock-human-trafficking-problem-northern-virginia-0(Name of Local News Paper and website: please site APA) Inside NOVAhttp: //www. insidenova. com/opinion/guest-opinion-human-trafficking-happens-here-in-virginia/article_da69afa0-995a-11e4-ae84-eb1b8b73265e. html(Name of Local News Paper and website: please site APA) The Connectionhttp: //www. connectionnewspapers. com/news/2014/mar/06/sex-trafficking-our-backyard/ (Name of peer-reviewed journal article: please site APA) Trafficking within the United Stateshttp: //aspe. hhs. gov/hsp/07/humantrafficking/litrev/index. pdfRunning head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIE1Human Trafficking AwarenessLisa D. CampbellProfessor KratzUniversity of Southern CaliforniaINSTRUCTIONS: Gather at least three newspaper articles and at least one peer-reviewed journal article thatdiscusses the population and/or legislation you are focusing on this semester with your group. This work should bedone individually as the newspaper articles should be specific to your own community. For instance, if you arefocusing on undocumented students and the DREAM Act, you would want to gather information about undocumentedstudents at your local university. You should also search for policy reports from the RAND Institute and the DrumMajor Institute for Public Policy related to your specific piece of legislation. Create an annotated bibliography of the materials you find and post the annotated bibliography to the forum. Forinstructions on how to create an annotated bibliography, please visit the following link: OWL English PurdueRunning head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIE2Human Trafficking Awareness: An Annotated Bibliography(Name of Local News Paper and website: please site APA) Loudoun Times. comhttp: //patch. com/virginia/mclean/congresswoman-comstock-human-trafficking-problemnorthern-virginia-0Barbara ComstockU. S. Representative to Congress from the 10th DistrictNorthern Virginia has a growing human trafficking problem – problems we are seeing expandthroughout the country. The Fairfax County Police Department recently established the NorthernVirginia Human Trafficking Task Force to crack down on this scourge. In the past 12 monthsalone, the Task Force has had 156 leads, 109 victim recoveries, 267 victims identified and 73suspects. One-hundred and two of the 109 victims recovered are U. S. citizens. Our local police and community leaders are rising to this challenge to combat this terrible crimein Virginia and we have a great partnership to continue this work. Four years ago, Virginia was atthe bottom of the Polaris Project’s Anti-Human Trafficking State Rankings. Virginia is nowranked in the top category (Tier 1) in the fight against human trafficking thanks in large part tothe efforts of our law enforcement, faith based organizations, teachers, victim service centers andlocal and state elected officials. Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIE3(Name of Local News Paper and website: please site APA) Inside NOVAhttp: //www. insidenova. com/opinion/guest-opinion-human-trafficking-happens-here-invirginia/article_da69afa0-995a-11e4-ae84-eb1b8b73265e. htmlAlthough human trafficking is a major international problem, it happens here in America as well. This illegal activity has been estimated to generate about $10 billion a year in our nation alone. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline received reports of more than 3,600sex trafficking cases in 2013. In fact, there were 465 calls from Virginia to the National HumanTrafficking Hotline in one year. It is estimated that between 100,000-300,000 American youth are currently at risk for becomingvictims of trafficking. The average age of a child who enters the sex trade in America is 12-14years old. In 2013, the National Center for Missing &amp, Exploited Children estimated that 1 in 7runaway children reported to them were likely sex trafficking victims. The foster care and youth group home community is particularly vulnerable to human traffickingbecause of the instability of their situation. And sadly, traffickers often target young individualswho have an unstable life, and have been abused, neglected or exploited. Here in Virginia, our law enforcement community and Department of Social Services are doing agood job of becoming more aware of trafficking situations among the people they serve. Inaddition, trafficking victims are being treated more as victims than criminals, especially thoseunder the age of 18. Our state government has also extended the age that foster youth “age-out”of the system from 18 to 21 years old, in an effort to protect and better prepare them foradulthood. As a community, we must remember that trafficking occurs in Virginia and here in PrinceWilliam County. We must remain vigilant to spot signs of human trafficking, like drasticRunning head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIE4behavioral changes, signs of abuse, strong anxiety about a debt, and claims of long workinghours with no workplace details. To learn more information about trafficking activity and signsto look for, check out the Northern Virginia Human Trafficking Initiative at www. novahti. com orthe Polaris Project at www. polarisproject. org. (Name of Local News Paper and website: please site APA) The Connectionhttp: //www. connectionnewspapers. com/news/2014/mar/06/sex-trafficking-our-backyard/Since its creation in October 2013, the human trafficking unit of the Fairfax CountyPolice Department has received over 70 tips and leads about human trafficking in NorthernVirginia. “Fifty-two percent of those leads involve juvenile sex trafficking cases,” said DetectiveWilliam Woolf, lead investigator of the Fairfax County Police Department’s human traffickingunit, at a House Commerce-Justice-Science Appropriations subcommittee on Feb. 26. In his testimony, Woolf addressed the need for stricter penalties on those responsible forhuman trafficking and the ways Fairfax County is addressing traffickingWoolf said that more resident treatment centers are needed across the country, as survivors suchas Vu have to travel nearly 3,000 miles to receive the treatment they need. According to Woolf,judges are often going below the federal sentencing guidelines in trafficking cases. “They are oftentimes just imposing the mandatory minimums as provided by the statute, whenthe guidelines suggest much higher penalties for this type of criminal conduct,” he said. There is also a need for federal legislation addressing the demand side, Woolf said. “There are individuals out there that are purchasing sex from our children, and these individualsneed to be punished or we at least need the tools to be able to address that as well, particularlywhen their actions are affecting interstate commerce,” Woolf said. Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIE5The Virginia General Assembly has addressed legislation dealing with sex trafficking thissession, including HB 235, which has passed both the house and senate. The bill, introduced byDelegate Rob Bell (R-Albemarle), would place convicted sex solicitors on Virginia’s onlineregistry of sex offenders. (Name of peer-reviewed journal article: please site APA) Trafficking within the UnitedStateshttp: //aspe. hhs. gov/hsp/07/humantrafficking/litrev/index. pdf3. 2 Trafficking within the United StatesTo date, estimates of human trafficking have focused almost exclusively on internationaltrafficking victims (Laczko &amp, Gozdziak, 2005), and this holds true for the United States as well. Only a recent estimate of minors at risk for sexual exploitation comes close to estimating U. S. domestic trafficking. Between 244,000 and 325,000 American youth are considered at risk forsexual exploitation, and an estimated 199,000 incidents of sexual exploitation of minors occureach year in the United States (Estes &amp, Weiner, 2001). These figures, however, are limitedestimates of youth at risk for human trafficking and do not address adult U. S. citizens traffickedinto the sex industry or American children and adults trafficked for labor. We can, however, turnto estimates of other at-risk populations, such as runaway/throwaway youth, youth exploitedthrough prostitution, and child labor, to gain a better sense of the potential prevalence ofdomestic trafficking, or at least the numbers of people at high risk of trafficking. Given the correlations between runaway/throwaway youth and minors exploited throughprostitution (Estes &amp, Weiner, 2001), findings from the Second National Incidence Studies ofMissing, Abducted,Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIE6