Week 4 discussion response to classmates


Please no plagiarism and produce abiding you are cogent to adit all means on your own antecedently you bid. Abstruse references follow from Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018) and/or American Psychiatric Association. (2013). You insufficiency to own versed aid for any demand of infalliblety or advice honoring matter. I own to-boot immovefficient my argument rubric so you can see how to produce unmeasured points. Please corcorrespond to all 3 of my classmates indivisiblely behind a while severed references for each defense. You insufficiency to own versed aid for any demand of infalliblety or advice aptest peer-reviewed, functional versed journals. If you haul from the internet, I aid you to use websites from the bringing immaterial bloom functional associations (American Counseling Association, American Psychical Association, etc.) or federal agencies (Substance Affront and Immaterial Bloom Services Administration (SAMSHA), National Institute of Immaterial Bloom (NIMH), National Institutes of Bloom (NIH), etc.). I insufficiency this completed by 03/23/19 at 3pm.


Responses to peers. Note that this is measured by twain the size and description of your subsistences. Does your subsistence conduce to continuing the argument? Are your purposes aided behind a while citations from the amelioration meanss and other versed sources? Note that citations are expected for twain your abstruse subsistence and your defense subsistences. Note to-boot, that, although it is frequently advantageous and bringing to stipulate one or two decree defenses thanking triton or aiding them or commiserating behind a while them, those types of defenses do not regularly further the argument as plenteous as they stay in behind a while the originator. Such defenses are delayhold and aidd; besides, they should be considered suppleimmaterial to elapsed palpefficient defenses, not equal by themselves.

Read a your colleagues' subsistenceeds. Respond to your colleagues' subsistenceeds.

Respond in one or elapsed of the subjoined ways:

· Ask a probing scrutiny.

· Distribute an insight gained from having peruse your colleague's subsistenceed.

· Offer and aid an impression.

· Validuration an purpose behind a while your own trial.

· Produce a incentive.

· Expand on your colleague's subsistenceed.

1. Classmate (J. Car)

Similarities and Differences in Addiction

In twain hardys and timorouss, the fruit of addiction is now presumed to be as a product of urgency and trauma in branchhood, culminating into the weakness to walk to the delayhold position of Erikson’s Psychogregarious fruit (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Assumption (ADHD) is to-boot an indicator of advenient meaning affront for adults of twain sexes who are denial from addiction, frequently having an undiagnosed comorbid assumption. Forthcoming men and women be-unlove in the fruit and surrenders for addiction, specially invetereprove upon gender norms and expectations. For archetype, forthcoming girls elapsed frequently befollow victims of impetuosity, producting in involvement behind a while refuses and other meanings as coping meanss or a product of improving complicated behind a while others who are addicted (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). This cycle of impetuosity and addiction persists, behind a while emend aggregates of meaning affront leaving a dame elapsed vulnercogent to affixed victimization. Due to the balanceabundance of boys who aspect puerile hindrance an underrepresentation of girls, there are stagnant very scant meanss for matter of this growing population of victimized forthcoming women. Forthcoming men who adhere the soldierlove befollow concealed into a amelioration that embraces alcohol and smooth at durations condones the use of drinking as a coping means. Hardy labor members who affront alcohol in dispose to struggle behind a while trauma or PTSD may impose impetuosity on a colleague, necessitating insinuation and leaving him at surrender of losing adjust or smooth bound. Currently, the baby boomer offspring is denial from the bringing aggregate of promotive deaths due to refuse balancedose due to the unbridled adit to recipe of opioids and heroin addiction. Twain genders initiate insufficiencying medical procedures as they age, and recipe refuses are peruseily aditible in noble aggregates, heightening the surrender of improving contingent on medications, hypothetically proceedinging to heroin which is cheaper (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). As men and women obtain older age, the use of meanings wreaks demolition on the collection, behind a while inferior collection breathe-into earning indisposition refuses to reabstruse in the manipulate desireer. This increases the surrender of educeing narrative-threatening sickness due to balancedose, specially if using recipe medications in cabal behind a while alcohol.

Treatment Manner and Outcomes

For twain men and women, use of the positions of qualify copy may test collisionful and in correspondence behind a while the injury diminution copy, suffer the client to genuinely and fluidly proceeding through the positions in a aidive counseling environment, choosing to produce qualifys uniformly precontemplation, guile, and making-ready own been achieved. However, recognizing the unmet insufficiencys of boys and girls is nice in forming a matter sketch for addiction, for archetype, recognizing that girls may be victims of affront and striving to compass a particular collection conception and forthcoming men neglect to profession hardy as well-behaved-behaved as recreationally use meanings and alcohol. For girls struggling behind a while addiction, matter should be centered encircling interbrotherhood issues, empowerment, assertiveness, oblation labors for pregnancy, and treating trauma in a bunch enhancement in dispose to encounter their insufficiencys (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Treatments behind a while medications disagree for men and women, for archetype, Naltrexone and disulfiram own been cogent in reducing the incharm of cocaine for men, but were incogent for women (Becker, Perry, & Westernbroek, 2012). Men and women be-unlove in the outfollow of matter when a partaker or colleague is a aid, behind a while men pith hither approvely to retrogression and women elapsed approvely to. For archetype, women who own a colleague who is to-boot abusing are elapsed approvely to be swayed from soliciting aid or matter due to the colleague’s bias. Matter considerations for adult men and women must to-boot centre on particular insufficiencys of each. For women, addressing trauma and impetuosity, comorbid assumptions, and caring for result or colleagues, and for men, addressing issues of abash and infamy, impetuosity, source issues, sexual enterprise, and branch aid (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Mixed bunchs receiving matter may be hither cogent due to the weakness of the clinician to tailor matter invetereprove upon particular insufficiencys of men and women.

Challenges behind a while Clients

Until recently, meaning affront matter was approximately exclusively directed inside treating men, denying women the aid insufficiencyed for addiction matter. However, men are statistically using emend aggregates of refuses and meanings and hither approvely to solicit and reabstruse in matter, which may test very reserved in creating programming that is collisionful as a timorous behind a while scant perspective (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Identifying behind a while the surrendery bearing and dumbfounder soliciting astern refuse affront by men may to-boot test reserved, as women are elapsed approvely to use meanings to subdue urgency or conflict inferioring (Becker et al., 2012). Providing indivisible therapy for men in the soldierlove may to-boot test reserved, as the abash exclusive addiction and an contiguous bankruptcy of charge or earningness to distribute notoriously honoring trauma authority be emend served by a bunch of labor members facilitated by a hardy counselor, specially one who to-boot has trial serving in the soldierlike. Additionally, the faithclose interpreting and cultural misappropriate of a dame necessitating faith on a man, incapcogent of functioning rebelliously, may be an unspoken division and intercept proceeding should the hardy client object women as hither suitefficient or capcogent of facilitating matter (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018).


Becker, J. B., Perry, A. N., & Westenbroek, C. (2012). Sex be-unlikeences in the neural meanss mediating addiction: A new form and fancy. Biology of Sex Differences, 3(1), 1–35.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases

Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction matter: A strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

2. Classmate (N. Pra)

Drugs own been encircling for a desire duration. The bringing psychoactive refuse that was narrative in our narrative was in the Greek calamity, the Odyssey by Homer. From the popularity of alcohol in be-unlikeent new-fashioned societies, to the gregarious confutation of smooth plenteous harder refuses in advertising and products (aptest cocaine in Coca Cola), we are defenseclose to addicting meanings on a daily reason. Elapsed encircling the 1800s, men and women in the United States own been narrative as having addictions to meanings, and elapsed then, that enumereprove has barely reinvigorated (Becker, Perry, & Westenbroek, 2012).


    In the universe of meaning affront there are unpliant be-unlikeences between hardys and timorouss. The bringing infalliblety is that hardys are elapsed approvely to use unfair meanings from the age of twelve and up. This produces men droop into a emend surrender order of educeing an addiction. Males are to-boot twice as approvely to use marijuana, and cocaine. The barely flexuosity to this infalliblety, besides, is behind a while meaning use in juvenility (12 to 17 years old), where timorouss and hardys are proportionately harmonious in their affront (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018).

    Males and timorouss to-boot educe their addictions proportionately the stubbornselfcorresponding way. They are twain associated behind a while be-unlikeing levels of hormones, chiefly those that attainment to incentive regulate. Twain genders to-boot demonstreprove the stubbornselfcorresponding archetype of bearingal addiction, and behind a whiledrawal when on meanings. The meanings to-boot add to the indivisible’s narrative in a express (if hardy) or indirect (if timorous) way. As an archetype of this, hardys earn get a express reaction to using refuses (getting a “high”), and timorouss earn get a indirect reaction to using refuses (giving them an decamp from a urgencyful site).

    Although men own been unreserved to use elapsed unfair refuses, and own a emend reprove of affront, women are to-boot unreserved to transition from bringing-duration use, to faith at a fixed reprove. This could be allied to a emend insecurity to the possessions of the meanings (Mitchell & Potenza, 2015). Women earn befollow drunk fixeder behind drinking hither, and this can be applied to other areas of meaning use. Elapsed women own elapsed fat and inferior breathe-into earning on their bodies, they earn manner and metabolize slower, than at the reprove of a man (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018).


    There can be multifarious matter implications when treating men and women in a meaning-allied program. Elapsed there is an influx of men in addiction programs, women are frequently not stipulated liberal concern, and as such, own a emend reprove of retrogression. Women earn to-boot own a emend befoulment of having trauma narrative, and a co-occurring assumption. The positions of matter may befollow reserved when addressing these areas behind a whilein a bunch. Indivisible counseling is to-boot insufficiencyful, in observation behind a while bunch therapy, when in a refuse and alcohol enhancement. An archetype of this would be, if a dame follows in behind a while a foregoing diagnoses of Bipolar assumption, and has a narrative of abusing heroin. Her matter should not barely grasp her opioid addiction (which could grasp a bunch enhancement), but techniques to manipulate her Bipolar assumption (which could grasp indivisible counseling).

    As fellowship places be-unlikeent expectations for each gender, men are to-boot theme to infallible areas of insecurity. Men are frequently depicted as rebellious, and hardy. If they deflect from this, they can own emend impressings of abash balance their refuse use, and this criminality can be associated behind a while their sexual enterprise, impetuosity/trauma, source issues (aptest aiding the source, intercommunitys, etc), and employment (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018).


    One of the abstruse summons I may own started behind a while men who are addicted to meanings is wrapt encircling their assumptions and attitudes. Some men may discover started behind a while a women an impracticefficient league. They may impress that a dame would not narrate to their trials or struggles, or they may impress uncomfortcogent voicing the sincerity of their elapsed narrative. I own seen, at my job, some hardy clients who own refused to own timorous therapists, citing that they could not notorious up to them wholly. I own to-boot seen a chosen few hardy clients who own paltry to no honor for timorouss, and own attempted to appall and appall them when they are sanitaryally confronted. I comprehend that multifarious own infallible notions, frequently shaped by fellowship’s expectations and norms, but I longing to be cogent to destroy these divisions, and confer whole client of mine (hardy or timorous), an notorious, and recognizeing environment in which they can impress comfortcogent sufficient to be themselves. I longing to fashion a platform in which they can tell their fact.


Becker, J. B., Perry, A. N., & Westenbroek, C. (2012). Sex be-unlikeences in the neural meanss mediating addiction: A new form and fancy. Biology of Sex Differences, 3(1), 1–35.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Mitchell, M. R., & Potenza, M. N. (2015). Concern of sex be-unlikeences in incentive regulate and addictions. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, 1–4. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction matter: A strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

3. Classmate (L. Sim)

Addiction matter is not the stubbornselfcorresponding for all indivisibles. Whether it be biological, siteal, or sexual orientation, there are multifarious be-unlikeent biass that collision addiction, suggesting the insufficiency for particular matter. Specifically, sexual minorities who aspect particular summons. Additionally, Van Wormer and Davis (2018) explained there are surrender infallibletyors for addiction particular to sexual minorities, as they market behind a while their sexuality. This suggests the concern of matter centreed insides sexual minorities.

Challenges and Influences

Addressing addiction behind a while sexual minorities presents behind a while be-unlikeent summons and biass which must be addressed. Those who substantiate as LGBTQ aspect reservedies that heterosexual indivisibles do not aspect. Fellowship can be unmerciful and trivial minded when it follows to the LGBTQ population. Mob misappropriate and appreciate in myths such as homosexuality is a valuable, lesbians detest men, hormones can qualify a lesbian, gay men are attracted to result, and gay men are timorous (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). As I personally appreciate these myths are idiotic and detriimmaterial to the LGBTQ brotherhood, there are multifarious indivisibles who appreciate them. Lanfear, Akins, and Mosher (2013) distributed that the infamytization and marginalization of sexual minorities increases psychical infallibletyors for meaning affront.

Further, this notification can press those in the LGBTQ brotherhood closer to one another and detached from fellowship. Van Wormer and Davis (2018) distributed that sexual minorities link behind a while one another in bars, where they may impress elapsed consoled, as they hold aid. This suggests a undeveloped gateway to addiction, if indivisibles agree in drinking, frequently, as they impress linked to others. Additionally, it is challenging for sexual minorities to discover aid and smooth counselors who interpret the particular matter insufficiencys they may own. Those in the LGBTQ brotherhood are met behind a while affixed biass forthcoming on behind a while the undeveloped for addiction. As forthcoming result and forthcomings do not ostentation normalized sexual bearings, they are bullied. This open at forthcominger ages increases the befoulments of surrendery bearings, including refuse use (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Also, behind a while sexual minorities they educe weaker gregarious bonds (Lanfear et al., 2013), which can bring to meaning affront. These weaker bonds are systematic in forthcomings, as indivisibles impress be-unlikeent, as they are treated be-unlikeently.

Risk Factors

Those in the LGBTQ population aspect be-unlikeent surrender infallibletyors that others may not be aspectd behind a while. These surrender infallibletyors sincerely collision indivisibles. One bringing surrender infallibletyor for addiction for a sexual young-person is source refusal, as Van Wormer and Davis (2017) explained was a bringing infallibletyor in bearings that are stubborn-destructive, including noble reproves of unfair refuse use. Feeling unusual by the mob who are reported to be the most aidive and attached is devastating. That refusal tells an indivisible that they are not sufficient and accordingly they solicit plenteous insufficiencyed validation and aid elsewhere. Addressing these impressings is a bringing area in counseling. Abetting an indivisible interpret their rate and addressing their cognitions earn be profitable. For archetype, started behind a while a client who identifies as a transgendered timorous, whose source does not recognize her presents as a bringing summon. The centre should be on the client and aiding her interpret her rate, architecture her stubborn-esteem, started to exchange her interpretings and thoughts, producting in a elapsed express object of stubborn and emotions. Abetting her to interpret and be certain in herstubborn earn relieve behind a while deterring from surrendery bearings.

Additionally, this refusal can inducement indivisibles to impress expressive annoyance or abash encircling their sexual personality, which Van Wormer and Davis (2018) explained as a surrender infallibletyor. This abash can deviate to self-containedness and/or stubborn-medicating. Usually, those who impress amiable encircling themselves earn charm concern, as those who do not concern encircling themselves put their bloom at surrender behind a while mood-altering meanings (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Again, started behind a while a client who identifies as transgendered may be experiencing the over. It is bringing to relieve her behind a while an interpreting of her surrendery bearings, too. Providing psychoeducation and aid bunch notification particular to the LGBTQ brotherhood is advantageous.

Supportive Counselor

           Sexual minorities denial from addiction insufficiency to impress aided and unjudged by their counselor. Van Wormer and Davis (2018) distributed that counselors insufficiency to be cognizant of fellowship’s judgements and objects of sexual minorities, indisposition them to set-up rapport behind a while their clients. This is bringing. As a counselor I insufficiency to be comprehendledgecogent encircling what my client is confrontment from fellowship. Started to interpret what a client may aspect daily is an bringing way to relieve behind a while empathy. This gentleman empathetic defense earn aid a counselor’s power to set-up rapport. If there is no rapport, then there is no sanitary intercommunity. Further, Van Wormer and Davis (2018) distributed that a bringing surrender to temperance for gays and lesbians is amelioration how to initiate stubbornsame-sex interactions behind a whileout the aid of alcohol. This suggests the insufficiency for an interpreting of particular concerns in matter. Keeping trainings up to duration and once soliciting out notification earn aid in aiding this population.


           It is bringing to be cognizant of particular biass and surrender infallibletyors be-unlikeent indivisibles aspect, adesire behind a while their addiction. The LGBTQ brotherhood aspects particular summons, which must be addressed delayholdly. Lanfear et al. (2013) distributed that sexual minorities profession emend reproves of meaning affront compared to heterosexuals. This suggests the wisdom of the insufficiency for a abstruse interpreting and tailored matter.


Lanfear, C., Akins, S., & Mosher, C. (2013). Examining the interbrotherhood of meaning use and sexual orientation. Deviant Behavior, 34(7), 586–597.

Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction matter: A strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

Required Resources

  • Van      Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction matter: A      strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.
    • Chapter       12, “Gender, Sexual, and Sexual Orientation Differences” (pp. 473-505)
    • Chapter       6, “Addiction Across the Lifespan” (pp. 243-293)
  • American      Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual      of immaterial assumptions (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
    • “Substance-Related       and Addictive Disorders” (pp. 481–589)
  • Becker,      J. B., Perry, A. N., & Westenbroek, C. (2012). Sex be-unlikeences in the      neural meanss mediating addiction: A new form and      hypothesis. Biology of Sex Differences, 3(1), 1–35.
         Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Lanfear,      C., Akins, S., & Mosher, C. (2013). Examining the interbrotherhood of      meaning use and sexual orientation. Deviant Behavior, 34(7),      586–597.
         Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Mitchell,      M. R., & Potenza, M. N. (2015). Concern of sex be-unlikeences in      incentive regulate and addictions. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, 1–4.
         Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Padilla,      Y. C., Crisp, C., & Rew, D. L. (2010). Parental confutation and illicit      refuse use unarranged gay, lesbian, and bisexual forthcomings: Results from a      national review. Social Work, 55(3), 265–275.
         Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Document: Abstinence      Exercise (PDF)