Qualitative research is a strategy for systematic collection, organization, and interpretation of phenomena that are difficult to measure quantitatively. In health care, qualitative methodologies aim to explore complex phenomena encountered by nurses, other providers, policy makers, and patients (Vaismoradi, 2013). Qualitative research is a strategy for precise collection, organization and interpretation of written information. Qualitative research question thoughtful, deliberate and relies on a set of established well defined methodology. Qualitative research works from the ground up to generates novel insights into phenomena that are difficult to measure quantitatively. Such as preferences for end of life care. The goal of qualitative research is to achieve a depth of understanding, generating a hypothesis. Qualitative research occurs in a natural setting. The purpose of qualitative research is to explore the meaning of peoples experiences, cultures and how they view certain situations.
Discuss the different types of qualitative research design
The five different types of qualitative research designs are ethnographic, narrative, phenomenological, grounded theory, and case study. Ethnography focuses on context and culture and is obtained by interviews and observation. Perhaps the hardest part of ethnographic field research is to be able to see things from someone else’s point of view (Wilcox, 2012). Narrative focuses on individual experiences and sequence and is obtained by stories from individuals and documents. Phenomenological focuses on People who have experienced a phenomenon and are obtained by interviewing. Grounded theory focuses on developing a theory from grounded in field data and obtained from interviews and open axial coding. Case study focuses on organization, entity, individual, or event and the data is collected by interviews, documents, reports, and observations (Sauro, 2015.)
Identify and describe a minimum of two types of sampling techniques used in qualitative research.
Two techniques that are used in qualitative research is purposeful sampling and convenience sampling. Convenience sampling is samples of participants that were convenient for the researcher to recruit. This type is the least scientific and lacks credibility. Purposeful sampling is a sample of participants that were thoughtfully,purposely recruited by the researcher. There are several sub-groups of purposeful sampling: Snowball sample,opportunistic sample, and maximum variation sample.
Methods for collecting data for qualitative research include focus group, observation, document review, and auto and visual materials. There are two types of interviews structured interview and informal interview. A structured interview has a predetermined set of questions. An informal interview goes with the flow of the conversation and creates questions as the researcher goes.