# Statistical significance

Use proper APA format and citations, and references. Must be original work

Scenarios 1
Statistical significance is found in a study, but the effect in reality is very small (i.e., there was a very minor difference in attitude between men and women). Were the results meaningful? An independent samples t test was conducted to determine whether differences exist between men and women on cultural competency scores. The samples consisted of 663 women and 650 men taken from a convenience sample of public, private, and non-profit organizations. Each participant was administered an instrument that measured his or her current levels of cultural competency. The © 2016 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 2 of 2 cultural competency score ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating higher levels of cultural competency. The descriptive statistics indicate women have higher levels of cultural competency (M = 9.2, SD = 3.2) than men (M = 8.9, SD = 2.1). The results were significant t (1311) = 2.0, p

For this scenario you must do the following:

· Critically evaluate the sample size.
· Critically evaluate the statements for meaningfulness.
· Critically evaluate the statements for statistical significance.
· Based on your evaluation, provide an explanation of the implications for social change.

Scenarios 2
A study has results that seem fine, but there is no clear association to social change. What is missing? A correlation test was conducted to determine whether a relationship exists between level of income and job satisfaction. The sample consisted of 432 employees equally represented across public, private, and non-profit sectors. The results of the test demonstrate a strong positive correlation between the two variables, r =.87, p < .01, showing that as level of income increases, job satisfaction increases as well. For this scenario you must do the following: · Critically evaluate the sample size. · Critically evaluate the statements for meaningfulness. · Critically evaluate the statements for statistical significance. · Based on your evaluation, provide an explanation of the implications for social change.