The genetic blueprint of all living organism on Earth is encoded

Week 9 ExercisesCHM/109 Version 2University of Phoenix MaterialWeek 9 ExercisesPrepare written answers to the following exercises: 1. The genetic blueprint of all living organism on Earth is encoded by DNA. That makes the study ofDNA and their interaction with the environment especially important. To determine the possibleinteractions, you must first be able to recognize the functional groups that are present in a DNAstructure. List all functional groups that are commonly found in uracil, guanine, cytosine, and tyrosine. 2. Sickle-cell anemia is a genetic defect whereby a person’s red blood cell assumes a sickle-cell shape. This genetic defect involves the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position six of the β-globinchain of hemoglobin. To understand how this can produce a defective red blood cell, you must beable to recognize the structural differences between valine and glutamic acid. How does the structuraldifference between valine and glutamic lead to the improper folding of the hemoglobin protein?Copyright © 2013 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. 1